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buildGoModule: function for packaging Go modules

The function buildGoModule builds Go programs managed with Go modules. It builds
a Go module through a two phase build:

- An intermediate fetcher derivation. This derivation will be used to
  fetch all of the dependencies of the Go module.
- A final derivation will use the output of the intermediate derivation
  to build the binaries and produce the final output.
nim-0.20.0
Wael M. Nasreddine 3 years ago
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  1. 279
      doc/languages-frameworks/go.xml
  2. 214
      pkgs/development/go-modules/generic/default.nix
  3. 1
      pkgs/development/go-modules/tools/setup-hook.sh
  4. 6
      pkgs/top-level/all-packages.nix

279
doc/languages-frameworks/go.xml

@ -3,12 +3,91 @@
xml:id="sec-language-go">
<title>Go</title>
<para>
The function <varname>buildGoPackage</varname> builds standard Go programs.
</para>
<section xml:id="ssec-go-modules">
<title>Go modules</title>
<example xml:id='ex-buildGoPackage'>
<title>buildGoPackage</title>
<para>
The function <varname> buildGoModule </varname> builds Go programs managed
with Go modules. It builds a
<link xlink:href="https://github.com/golang/go/wiki/Modules">Go
modules</link> through a two phase build:
<itemizedlist>
<listitem>
<para>
An intermediate fetcher derivation. This derivation will be used to fetch
all of the dependencies of the Go module.
</para>
</listitem>
<listitem>
<para>
A final derivation will use the output of the intermediate derivation to
build the binaries and produce the final output.
</para>
</listitem>
</itemizedlist>
</para>
<example xml:id='ex-buildGoModule'>
<title>buildGoModule</title>
<programlisting>
pet = buildGoModule rec {
name = "pet-${version}";
version = "0.3.4";
src = fetchFromGitHub {
owner = "knqyf263";
repo = "pet";
rev = "v${version}";
sha256 = "0m2fzpqxk7hrbxsgqplkg7h2p7gv6s1miymv3gvw0cz039skag0s";
};
modSha256 = "1879j77k96684wi554rkjxydrj8g3hpp0kvxz03sd8dmwr3lh83j"; <co xml:id='ex-buildGoModule-1' />
subPackages = [ "." ]; <co xml:id='ex-buildGoModule-2' />
meta = with lib; {
description = "Simple command-line snippet manager, written in Go";
homepage = https://github.com/knqyf263/pet;
license = licenses.mit;
maintainers = with maintainers; [ kalbasit ];
platforms = platforms.linux ++ platforms.darwin;
};
}
</programlisting>
</example>
<para>
<xref linkend='ex-buildGoModule'/> is an example expression using
buildGoModule, the following arguments are of special significance to the
function:
<calloutlist>
<callout arearefs='ex-buildGoModule-1'>
<para>
<varname>modSha256</varname> is the hash of the output of the
intermediate fetcher derivation.
</para>
</callout>
<callout arearefs='ex-buildGoModule-2'>
<para>
<varname>subPackages</varname> limits the builder from building child
packages that have not been listed. If <varname>subPackages</varname> is
not specified, all child packages will be built.
</para>
</callout>
</calloutlist>
</para>
</section>
<section xml:id="ssec-go-legacy">
<title>Go legacy</title>
<para>
The function <varname> buildGoPackage </varname> builds legacy Go programs,
not supporting Go modules.
</para>
<example xml:id='ex-buildGoPackage'>
<title>buildGoPackage</title>
<programlisting>
deis = buildGoPackage rec {
name = "deis-${version}";
@ -29,56 +108,56 @@ deis = buildGoPackage rec {
buildFlags = "--tags release"; <co xml:id='ex-buildGoPackage-4' />
}
</programlisting>
</example>
<para>
<xref linkend='ex-buildGoPackage'/> is an example expression using
buildGoPackage, the following arguments are of special significance to the
function:
<calloutlist>
<callout arearefs='ex-buildGoPackage-1'>
<para>
<varname>goPackagePath</varname> specifies the package's canonical Go
import path.
</para>
</callout>
<callout arearefs='ex-buildGoPackage-2'>
<para>
<varname>subPackages</varname> limits the builder from building child
packages that have not been listed. If <varname>subPackages</varname> is
not specified, all child packages will be built.
</para>
<para>
In this example only <literal>github.com/deis/deis/client</literal> will
be built.
</para>
</callout>
<callout arearefs='ex-buildGoPackage-3'>
<para>
<varname>goDeps</varname> is where the Go dependencies of a Go program are
listed as a list of package source identified by Go import path. It could
be imported as a separate <varname>deps.nix</varname> file for
readability. The dependency data structure is described below.
</para>
</callout>
<callout arearefs='ex-buildGoPackage-4'>
<para>
<varname>buildFlags</varname> is a list of flags passed to the go build
command.
</para>
</callout>
</calloutlist>
</para>
<para>
The <varname>goDeps</varname> attribute can be imported from a separate
<varname>nix</varname> file that defines which Go libraries are needed and
should be included in <varname>GOPATH</varname> for
<varname>buildPhase</varname>.
</para>
<example xml:id='ex-goDeps'>
<title>deps.nix</title>
</example>
<para>
<xref linkend='ex-buildGoPackage'/> is an example expression using
buildGoPackage, the following arguments are of special significance to the
function:
<calloutlist>
<callout arearefs='ex-buildGoPackage-1'>
<para>
<varname>goPackagePath</varname> specifies the package's canonical Go
import path.
</para>
</callout>
<callout arearefs='ex-buildGoPackage-2'>
<para>
<varname>subPackages</varname> limits the builder from building child
packages that have not been listed. If <varname>subPackages</varname> is
not specified, all child packages will be built.
</para>
<para>
In this example only <literal>github.com/deis/deis/client</literal> will
be built.
</para>
</callout>
<callout arearefs='ex-buildGoPackage-3'>
<para>
<varname>goDeps</varname> is where the Go dependencies of a Go program
are listed as a list of package source identified by Go import path. It
could be imported as a separate <varname>deps.nix</varname> file for
readability. The dependency data structure is described below.
</para>
</callout>
<callout arearefs='ex-buildGoPackage-4'>
<para>
<varname>buildFlags</varname> is a list of flags passed to the go build
command.
</para>
</callout>
</calloutlist>
</para>
<para>
The <varname>goDeps</varname> attribute can be imported from a separate
<varname>nix</varname> file that defines which Go libraries are needed and
should be included in <varname>GOPATH</varname> for
<varname>buildPhase</varname>.
</para>
<example xml:id='ex-goDeps'>
<title>deps.nix</title>
<programlisting>
[ <co xml:id='ex-goDeps-1' />
{
@ -101,60 +180,62 @@ deis = buildGoPackage rec {
}
]
</programlisting>
</example>
<para>
<calloutlist>
<callout arearefs='ex-goDeps-1'>
<para>
<varname>goDeps</varname> is a list of Go dependencies.
</para>
</callout>
<callout arearefs='ex-goDeps-2'>
<para>
<varname>goPackagePath</varname> specifies Go package import path.
</para>
</callout>
<callout arearefs='ex-goDeps-3'>
<para>
<varname>fetch type</varname> that needs to be used to get package source.
If <varname>git</varname> is used there should be <varname>url</varname>,
<varname>rev</varname> and <varname>sha256</varname> defined next to it.
</para>
</callout>
</calloutlist>
</para>
<para>
To extract dependency information from a Go package in automated way use
<link xlink:href="https://github.com/kamilchm/go2nix">go2nix</link>. It can
produce complete derivation and <varname>goDeps</varname> file for Go
programs.
</para>
<para>
<varname>buildGoPackage</varname> produces
<xref linkend='chap-multiple-output' xrefstyle="select: title" /> where
<varname>bin</varname> includes program binaries. You can test build a Go
binary as follows:
</example>
<para>
<calloutlist>
<callout arearefs='ex-goDeps-1'>
<para>
<varname>goDeps</varname> is a list of Go dependencies.
</para>
</callout>
<callout arearefs='ex-goDeps-2'>
<para>
<varname>goPackagePath</varname> specifies Go package import path.
</para>
</callout>
<callout arearefs='ex-goDeps-3'>
<para>
<varname>fetch type</varname> that needs to be used to get package
source. If <varname>git</varname> is used there should be
<varname>url</varname>, <varname>rev</varname> and
<varname>sha256</varname> defined next to it.
</para>
</callout>
</calloutlist>
</para>
<para>
To extract dependency information from a Go package in automated way use
<link xlink:href="https://github.com/kamilchm/go2nix">go2nix</link>. It can
produce complete derivation and <varname>goDeps</varname> file for Go
programs.
</para>
<para>
<varname>buildGoPackage</varname> produces
<xref linkend='chap-multiple-output' xrefstyle="select: title" /> where
<varname>bin</varname> includes program binaries. You can test build a Go
binary as follows:
<screen>
$ nix-build -A deis.bin
</screen>
or build all outputs with:
or build all outputs with:
<screen>
$ nix-build -A deis.all
</screen>
<varname>bin</varname> output will be installed by default with
<varname>nix-env -i</varname> or <varname>systemPackages</varname>.
</para>
<varname>bin</varname> output will be installed by default with
<varname>nix-env -i</varname> or <varname>systemPackages</varname>.
</para>
<para>
You may use Go packages installed into the active Nix profiles by adding the
following to your ~/.bashrc:
<para>
You may use Go packages installed into the active Nix profiles by adding the
following to your ~/.bashrc:
<screen>
for p in $NIX_PROFILES; do
GOPATH="$p/share/go:$GOPATH"
done
</screen>
</para>
</para>
</section>
</section>

214
pkgs/development/go-modules/generic/default.nix

@ -0,0 +1,214 @@
{ go, cacert, git, lib, removeReferencesTo, stdenv }:
{ name
, src
, buildInputs ? []
, nativeBuildInputs ? []
, passthru ? {}
, patches ? []
# modSha256 is the sha256 of the vendored dependencies
, modSha256
# We want parallel builds by default
, enableParallelBuilding ? true
# Disabled flag
, disabled ? false
# Do not enable this without good reason
# IE: programs coupled with the compiler
, allowGoReference ? false
, meta ? {}
, ... }@args':
with builtins;
let
args = removeAttrs args' [ "modSha256" "disabled" ];
removeReferences = [ ] ++ lib.optional (!allowGoReference) go;
removeExpr = refs: ''remove-references-to ${lib.concatMapStrings (ref: " -t ${ref}") refs}'';
go-modules = go.stdenv.mkDerivation {
name = "${name}-go-modules";
nativeBuildInputs = [ go git ];
inherit (args) src;
inherit (go) GOOS GOARCH;
patches = args.patches or [];
GO111MODULE = "on";
# XXX: Add support for other fetchers, such as hg, bzr and alike.
GIT_SSL_CAINFO = "${cacert}/etc/ssl/certs/ca-bundle.crt";
# Instruct Go where to find the cacert.
# SSL_CERT_FILE is used by Linux machines.
# NIX_SSL_CERT_FILE is used by Darwin machines based on
# pkgs/development/compilers/go/ssl-cert-file-1.9.patch.
NIX_SSL_CERT_FILE = "${cacert}/etc/ssl/certs/ca-bundle.crt";
SSL_CERT_FILE = "${cacert}/etc/ssl/certs/ca-bundle.crt";
impureEnvVars = lib.fetchers.proxyImpureEnvVars ++ [
"GIT_PROXY_COMMAND" "SOCKS_SERVER"
];
configurePhase = args.modConfigurePhase or ''
runHook preConfigure
export GOCACHE=$TMPDIR/go-cache
export GOPATH="$TMPDIR/go"
runHook postConfigure
'';
buildPhase = args.modBuildPhase or ''
runHook preBuild
go mod download
runHook postBuild
'';
installPhase = args.modInstallPhase or ''
runHook preInstall
cp -r "''${GOPATH}/pkg/mod/cache/download" $out
runHook postInstall
'';
dontFixup = true;
outputHashMode = "recursive";
outputHashAlgo = "sha256";
outputHash = modSha256;
};
package = go.stdenv.mkDerivation (args // {
nativeBuildInputs = [ removeReferencesTo go ] ++ nativeBuildInputs;
inherit (go) GOOS GOARCH;
GO111MODULE = "on";
configurePhase = args.configurePhase or ''
runHook preConfigure
export GOCACHE=$TMPDIR/go-cache
export GOPATH="$TMPDIR/go"
export GOPROXY=file://${go-modules}
runHook postConfigure
'';
buildPhase = args.buildPhase or ''
runHook preBuild
buildGoDir() {
local d; local cmd;
cmd="$1"
d="$2"
. $TMPDIR/buildFlagsArray
echo "$d" | grep -q "\(/_\|examples\|Godeps\|testdata\)" && return 0
[ -n "$excludedPackages" ] && echo "$d" | grep -q "$excludedPackages" && return 0
local OUT
if ! OUT="$(go $cmd $buildFlags "''${buildFlagsArray[@]}" -v -p $NIX_BUILD_CORES $d 2>&1)"; then
if ! echo "$OUT" | grep -qE '(no( buildable| non-test)?|build constraints exclude all) Go (source )?files'; then
echo "$OUT" >&2
return 1
fi
fi
if [ -n "$OUT" ]; then
echo "$OUT" >&2
fi
return 0
}
getGoDirs() {
local type;
type="$1"
if [ -n "$subPackages" ]; then
echo "./$subPackages"
else
find . -type f -name \*$type.go -exec dirname {} \; | grep -v "/vendor/" | sort --unique
fi
}
if (( "''${NIX_DEBUG:-0}" >= 1 )); then
buildFlagsArray+=(-x)
fi
if [ ''${#buildFlagsArray[@]} -ne 0 ]; then
declare -p buildFlagsArray > $TMPDIR/buildFlagsArray
else
touch $TMPDIR/buildFlagsArray
fi
if [ -z "$enableParallelBuilding" ]; then
export NIX_BUILD_CORES=1
fi
for pkg in $(getGoDirs ""); do
buildGoDir install "$pkg"
done
'' + lib.optionalString (stdenv.hostPlatform != stdenv.buildPlatform) ''
# normalize cross-compiled builds w.r.t. native builds
(
dir=$GOPATH/bin/${go.GOOS}_${go.GOARCH}
if [[ -n "$(shopt -s nullglob; echo $dir/*)" ]]; then
mv $dir/* $dir/..
fi
if [[ -d $dir ]]; then
rmdir $dir
fi
)
'' + ''
runHook postBuild
'';
doCheck = args.doCheck or false;
checkPhase = args.checkPhase or ''
runHook preCheck
for pkg in $(getGoDirs test); do
buildGoDir test "$pkg"
done
runHook postCheck
'';
installPhase = args.installPhase or ''
runHook preInstall
mkdir -p $out
dir="$GOPATH/bin"
[ -e "$dir" ] && cp -r $dir $out
runHook postInstall
'';
preFixup = (args.preFixup or "") + ''
find $out/bin -type f -exec ${removeExpr removeReferences} '{}' + || true
'';
disallowedReferences = lib.optional (!allowGoReference) go;
passthru = passthru // { inherit go go-modules; };
meta = {
# Add default meta information
platforms = go.meta.platforms or lib.platforms.all;
} // meta // {
# add an extra maintainer to every package
maintainers = (meta.maintainers or []) ++
[ lib.maintainers.kalbasit ];
};
});
in if disabled then
throw "${package.name} not supported for go ${go.meta.branch}"
else
package

1
pkgs/development/go-modules/tools/setup-hook.sh

@ -0,0 +1 @@
export GOTOOLDIR=@bin@/bin

6
pkgs/top-level/all-packages.nix

@ -13351,6 +13351,12 @@ in
buildGoPackage = buildGo111Package;
buildGo111Module = callPackage ../development/go-modules/generic {
go = buildPackages.go_1_11;
};
buildGoModule = buildGo111Module;
go2nix = callPackage ../development/tools/go2nix { };
leaps = callPackage ../development/tools/leaps { };

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