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Emery Hemingway 24deef9495 Use #!/usr/bin/env ... shebangs 3 years ago
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include wifi_drv: split front end notification 3 years ago
lib dde_linux: refactor usb arch-dependent includes 2 years ago
patches dde_linux: update 'fec' driver to version 4.16.3 3 years ago
ports wifi_drv: enable loading of 9000 series FW 2 years ago
recipes depot: update recipe hashes 2 years ago
run Fix expected output in USB HID tests 2 years ago
src Use #!/usr/bin/env ... shebangs 2 years ago
README Adapt usb_drv RAM quota to 12M 3 years ago
fec.list dde_linux: update 'fec' driver to version 4.16.3 3 years ago
intel_fb.list intel_fb: enable Intel VBT lookup via ACPI 3 years ago
lxip.list dde_linux: Build net/ipv4/datagram.c for UDP connect 4 years ago
usb.list dde_linux/usb: Add RNDIS driver 4 years ago
usb_hid.list dde_linux: enable QEMU support for new usb_hid_drv 3 years ago
usb_host.list dde_linux: usb host controller driver version 4.16 3 years ago
usb_net.list dde_linux: USB client driver for NIC version 4.16 3 years ago
wifi.list wifi_drv: enable soft RFKILL and new front end 3 years ago

README

Device drivers ported from the Linux kernel

USB
###

Controller configuration
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

The driver can be started using different or all USB controller types a platform
offers (USB 1.0/2.0/3.0). Note that not all controllers are supported by all
platforms. Controllers can be enabled as attribute in the config node of the
driver. Supported attributes are: 'uhci', 'ohci', 'ehci', and 'xhci'.


Configuration snippet to enable UHCI and EHCI

! <config uhci="yes" ehci="yes">

BIOS Handoff
~~~~~~~~~~~~

Per default the USB driver performs a hand off of the USB controller from the
BIOS, since it still may access the controller when booting, for example, from
a USB device. The BIOS hand off induces the execution of BIOS/SMM USB driver
code and potentially DMA operations. Unfortunately, some ACPI tables report
wrong RMRR information, which implicates IOMMU faults on illegal DMA
operations and consequently the hand off may fail after noticeably long
timeouts. Therefore, the hand off can be disabled in the USB driver
configuration like follows.

! <config bios_handoff="no"/>

HID
~~~

Supports keyboard and mouse. A run script can be found under 'run/usb_hid.run'.

Configuration snippet:

!<start name="usb_drv">
! <resource name="RAM" quantum="12M"/>
! <provides><service name="Input"/></provides>
! <config uhci="yes" ohci="yes" ehci="yes" xhci="yes">
! <hid/>
! </config>
!</start>

Note: It has been observed that certain 1.0 versions of Qemu do not generate
mouse interrupts. The mouse driver should work correctly on Qemu 1.0.93 and
above.

HID - Touchscreen support
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Touchscreen absolute coordinates must be calibrated (e.g. re-calculated) to
screen absolute coordinates. The screen resolution is not determined
automatically by the USB driver, but can be configured as sub node of the
hid xml tag:

!...
!<hid>
! <touchscreen width="1024" height="768" multitouch="no"/>
!</hid>
!...

If a touchscreen is multi-touch-capable than the multitouch attribute gears
which type of Genode input events are generated. If set to 'no' (default)
than absolute events are generated and no multitouch events. If set to 'yes'
solely multitouch events are generated.

Storage
~~~~~~~

Currently supports one USB storage device. Hot plugging has not been tested. A
run script can be found under 'run/usb_storage.run'.

Configuration snippet:

!<start name="usb_drv">
! <resource name="RAM" quantum="12M"/>
! <provides> <service name="Block"/> </provides>
! <config><storage /></config>
!</start>


Network (Nic)
~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Configuration snippet:

!<start name="usb_drv">
! <resource name="RAM" quantum="12M"/>
! <provides>
! <service name="Nic"/>
! <service name="Input"/>
! </provides>
! <config ehci="yes" xhci="yes">
! <nic mac="2e:60:90:0c:4e:01" />
! <hid/>
! </config>
!</start>

Please observe that this setup starts the HID and Nic service at the same time.
Also there is the 'mac' attribute where one can specify the hardware address of
the network interface. This is necessary in case the EEPROM of the network card
cannot be accessed via the host controller making it impossible to retrieve the
devices hardware address. If this is the case and no 'mac' attribute is given a
fallback address will be assigned to the network device. Note that the fallback
address will always be the same.


RAW
~~~

Allows raw access to USB devices via the 'Usb' session interface.

Configuration snippet:

!<start name="usb_drv">
! <resource name="RAM" quantum="12M"/>
! <provides><service name="Usb"/></provides>
! <config uhci="yes" ohci="yes" ehci="yes" xhci="yes">
! <raw>
! <report devices="yes"/>
! </raw>
! </config>
!</start>

The optional 'devices' report lists the connected devices and gets updated
when devices are added or removed.

Example report:

!<devices>
! <device label="usb-1-7" vendor_id="0x1f75" product_id="0x0917" bus="0x0001" dev="0x0007"/>
! <device label="usb-1-6" vendor_id="0x13fe" product_id="0x5200" bus="0x0001" dev="0x0006"/>
! <device label="usb-1-4" vendor_id="0x17ef" product_id="0x4816" bus="0x0001" dev="0x0004"/>
! <device label="usb-1-3" vendor_id="0x0a5c" product_id="0x217f" bus="0x0001" dev="0x0003"/>
! <device label="usb-2-2" vendor_id="0x8087" product_id="0x0020" bus="0x0002" dev="0x0002"/>
! <device label="usb-1-2" vendor_id="0x8087" product_id="0x0020" bus="0x0001" dev="0x0002"/>
! <device label="usb-2-1" vendor_id="0x1d6b" product_id="0x0002" bus="0x0002" dev="0x0001"/>
! <device label="usb-1-1" vendor_id="0x1d6b" product_id="0x0002" bus="0x0001" dev="0x0001"/>
!</devices>

For every device a unique identifier is generated that is used to access the
USB device. Only devices that have a valid policy configured at the USB driver
can be accessed by a client. The following configuration allows 'comp1' to
access the device 'usb-1-6':

!<start name="usb_drv">
! <resource name="RAM" quantum="12M"/>
! <provides><service name="Usb"/></provides>
! <config uhci="yes" ohci="yes" ehci="yes" xhci="yes">
! <raw>
! <report devices="yes"/>
! <policy label="comp1 -> usb-1-6" vendor_id="0x13fe" product_id="0x5200" bus="0x0001" dev="0x0006"/>
! </raw>
! </config>
!</start>

In addition to the mandatory 'label' attribute the policy node also
contains optional attribute tuples of which at least one has to be present.
The 'vendor_id' and 'product_id' tuple selects a device regardless of its
location on the USB bus and is mostly used in static configurations. The
'bus' and 'dev' tuple selects a specific device via its bus locations and
device address. It is mostly used in dynamic configurations because the device
address is not fixed and may change every time the same device is plugged in.

The configuration of the USB driver can be changed at runtime to satisfy
dynamic configurations or rather policies when using the 'Usb' session
interface.


LXIP
####

LXIP is a port of the Linux TCP/IP stack to Genode. It is build as a shared
library named 'lxip.lib.so'. The IP stack can be interfaced using Genode's
version of 'libc' by linking your application to 'lxip_libc' plugin in your
'target.mk' file.

WIFI
####

The wifi_drv component is a port of the Linux mac802.11 stack, including the
iwlwifi driver as well as libnl and wpa_supplicant, to Genode.

To start the component the following configuration snippet can be used:

!<start name="wifi_drv" caps="200">
! <resource name="RAM" quantum="24M"/>
! <provides><service name="Nic"/></provides>
! <config>
! <libc stdout="/dev/null" stderr="/dev/null" rtc="/dev/rtc"/>
! <vfs>
! <dir name="dev"> <log/> <null/> <rtc/>
! <jitterentropy name="random"/>
! <jitterentropy name="urandom"/>
! </dir>
! </vfs>
! </config>
! <route>
! <service name="Rtc"> <any-child /> </service>
! <any-service> <parent/> <any-child /> </any-service>
! </route>
!</start

The driver will request access to the ROM module 'wifi_config' to
connect to a network:

!<wifi_config connected_scan_interval="30" scan_interval="10" rfkill="no">
! <network ssid="Foobar" protection="WPA2" passphrase="allyourbase"/>
!</wifi_config>

To temporarily prevent any radio activity, the 'rfkill' attribute
can be set to 'true'.

If the network is protected by, e.g., WPA/WPA2, the protection type, either
'WPA' or 'WPA2' as well as the the passphrase have to be specified.
The 'bssid' attribute can be used to select a specifc accesspoint within a
network. Of all attributes only the 'ssid' attribute is mandatory, all others
are optional and should only be used when needed.

The configuration may contain more than one network. In This case the driver
will try to select the best one it gets a response from. To prevent it
from automatically joining the network the 'auto_connect' attribute must be
set to 'false'; the default value is 'true'. If the 'explicit_scan' attribute
is set, the driver will pro-actively scan for a hidden network with the given
SSID:

!<wifi_config connected_scan_interval="30" scan_interval="10">
! <network ssid="Zero" protection="WPA2" passphrase="allyourbase"/>
! <network ssid="Skynet" protection="WPA" passphrase="12345678"
! explicit_scan="true" auto_connect="false"/>
!</wifi_config>

By default, the driver scans for available networks only when not
connected. This can be changed with the 'connected_scan_interval'
attribute, which specifies the interval for connected scans in
seconds and directly influences any roaming decision, i.e., select
a better fit accesspoint for the configured network.

Also, the driver can be switched to verbose logging during runtime
by setting the 'verbose' or 'verbose_state' attribute to 'true'.

The wifi_drv creates two distinct reports to communicate its state and
information about the wireless infrastructure to other components. The
first one is a list of all available accesspoints. The following examplary
report shows its general structure:

!<accesspoints>
! <accesspoint ssid="skynet" bssid="00:01:02:03:04:05" quality="40"/>
! <accesspoint ssid="foobar" bssid="01:02:03:04:05:06" quality="70" protection="WPA2"/>
! <accesspoint ssid="foobar" bssid="01:02:03:04:05:07" quality="10" protection="WPA2"/>
!</accesspoints>

Each accesspoint node has attributes that contain the SSID and the BSSID
of the accesspoint as well as the link quality (signal strength). These
attributes are mandatory. If the network is protected, the node will also
have an attribute describing the type of protection in addition.

The second report provides information about the state of the connection
to the currently connected accesspoint:

!<state>
! <accesspoint ssid="foobar" bssid="01:02:03:04:05:06" quality="70" freq="2418" state="connected"/>
!</state>

Valid state values are 'connected', 'disconnected', 'connecting'. Depending
on the state, there are additional attributes that can be checked. In case
of an authentication error, e.g. the passphrase is wrong, the 'auth_failure'
attribute will be set to 'true'. The 'rfkilled' attribute is set to 'true'
if a disconnect was triggered by disabling the radio activity via setting
the 'rfkill' attribute.

By subscribing to both reports and providing the required 'wifi_config' ROM
module, a component is able control the wireless driver.

Currently only WPA/WPA2 protection using a passphrase is supported and the the
SSID is copied verbatim. At the moment, there is no way to express or escape
non alphanumeric characters.

On certain cards, e.g. Intel Wireless 6200 ABG, it may be necessary to disable
the 11n mode. This can be achieved by setting the 'use_11n' attribute in
the 'wifi_config' node to 'no'.


lx_kit
######

The modular lx_kit seperates the required back end functionality of the Linux
emulation environment from the front end. Thereby each driver can reuse
specific parts or supply more suitable implementations by itself. It is used to
reduce the amount of redundant code in each driver.

The lx_kit is split into several layers whose structure is as follows:

The first layer in _repos/dde_linux/src/include/lx_emul_ contains those header
files that provide the structural definitions and function declarations of the
Linux API, e.g. _errno.h_ provides all error code values. The second layer in
_repos/dde_linux/src/include/lx_emul/impl_ contains the implementation of
selected functions, e.g. _slab.h_ provides the implementation of 'kmalloc()'.
The lx_kit back end API is the third layer and provides the _Lx::Malloc_
interface (_repos/dde_linux/src/include/lx_kit/malloc.h_) which is used to
implement 'kmalloc()'. There are several generic implementations of the lx_kit
interfaces that can be used by a driver.

A driver typically includes a 'lx_emul/impl/xyz.h' header once directly in its
lx_emul compilation unit. The lx_kit interface files are only included in those
compilation units that use or implement the interface. If a driver wants to use
a generic implementation it must add the source file to its source file list.
The generic implementations are located in _repos/dde_linux/src/lx_kit/_.

The modular lx_kit still depends on the private _lx_emul.h_ header file that is
tailored to each driver. Since the lx_kit already contains much of the
declarations and definitions that were originally placed in these private
header files, those files can now ommit a large amount of code.